Yeah, maybe I am a bit paranoid, but I want to know in real-time who logs into and from which address to my machines.

Since logging that to file is too much insecure (if one gets the control of the machine, he can delete every file he wants..) I built a script that sends me an alert e-mail each time a user logs in.

It uses mutt to compose an e-mail attaching the output of some commands.

The script is quite simple:


# Login notification script
# 2009-11-20 00:28 Samuele ~redShadow~ Santi
# Under GPL

# Place it into /etc/profile or /root/.profile to send an e-mail on user login.
#  - uses mutt to send e-mail
#  - sends the output of some commands as attachments:
#    - netstat (connections/servers)
#    - iptables (firewall configuration)
#    - ps (processes list)
#    - who (logged in users + hostnames)
#  - of course, you need a configured MTA/smtp server in order to send emails.

# --- Configuration ----------------------------------------------------

FROM_ADDR="Login Notify <>"

# ----------------------------------------------------------------------

LOG_USER="$( whoami )"
LOG_DATE="$( date "+%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S" )"
OUT_WHO="$( who )"

netstat -lnp > /tmp/netstat-listen
netstat -np > /tmp/netstat
ps afux > /tmp/processes
who > /tmp/who
echo "--- Iptables: list rules"
iptables -L
echo "--- Iptables: show rules"
iptables -S
) > /tmp/iptables-conf

cat <<EOF

Host:   $(hostname)
User:   ${LOG_USER}
Date:   ${LOG_DATE}
Uptime: $(uptime)

--- Logged in users ----------------------------------------------------

Attaching other relevant system data.

) | /usr/bin/mutt -s "[LOGIN-NOTIFY] $(hostname) Login of ${LOG_USER} on ${LOG_DATE}" \
  -e "my_hdr From: ${FROM_ADDR}" \
  -a /tmp/netstat-listen -a /tmp/netstat -a /tmp/processes -a /tmp/who -a /tmp/iptables-conf \

rm /tmp/netstat-listen /tmp/netstat /tmp/processes /tmp/who /tmp/iptables-conf

Of course, you can modify which commands are run, where to log them and which files you want to be attached to the e-mail. Or you can add more commands output between the two EOF, to include their output in the message body.

Once placed the script somewhere, add it to a file executed on user login, such as ~/.profile or /etc/profile.

And, of course, you must have a configured mailserver installed in order to send e-mails from your server..